Like any other programming language, the best programming language for mobile app development should have formal rules for writing application code. There are numerous application languages available today. The method you choose may be heavily influenced by your business goals, the capabilities of the operating system you choose as the platform, the type of application, and its requirements.

Many languages used in web development can easily be used in mobile programming. The idea of app languages for creating mobile applications benefits developers and their customers who want to understand the project processes better and know which language to choose for future projects. So, let us go over the 10 primary programming languages for Android mobile development here.

Overview of Android

Before diving into the best programming language for mobile apps, it is best to get a general overview of Android because most people have no idea what it is other than that their phones run on it. So, Android is a Linux-based open-source operating system designed for mobile phones and tablets.

What distinguishes Android is that it offers developers a unified approach in that they only need to create one application that works well on all Android mobile phones with supporting Android versions.

Android was first released in 2008 and has undergone numerous major software improvements and upgrades. However, because it is open-source, its code is freely available so that everyone can use it.

Android advantages you should be aware of

While Android is used by many people worldwide, it offers incredible benefits to everyone, including users and developers. So, here are some of the advantages of Android that you can enjoy as a developer.

  1. Android has a large developer community that is currently working on various languages.
  2. Android supports inter-app integration, which allows for a plethora of new features.
  3. The cost of development on Android is meager.
  4. You can enjoy a rich development environment with numerous language options for developing on Android. You can create very good apps that perform exceptionally well because multiple programming languages are available.

Mobile App Categories

Before we continue, we would like to quickly go over the various types of app development from a coding standpoint. In general, mobile app developers can create an app in one of two categories:

Native Applications

Native app development is done in a programming language natively supported by the operating system of mobile devices. This is used if you’re developing an app for the Google Play Store.

This is ideal for apps that require a high level of customization and must use native components of each device. It’s ideal for gaming apps, virtual reality apps, and apps with a lot of graphics. However, with native development, one code will not work on both platforms.

Hybrid Applications

Hybrid apps are designed for cross-platform use. These are written in a single language and can run on iOS and Android. This shortens the development cycle because you’ll only have to code everything once instead of twice (once for each OS). Compared to native apps, hybrid apps have less flexibility regarding what they can do. However, the vast majority of developers are content with this.

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Top 10 Programming Languages for Android App Development

There are numerous programming languages available for creating amazing Android applications. All of them, however, are not as good as they should be. So, if you’re looking for a good programming language for developing Android apps, here are the top ten programming languages to consider.

1. Kotlin

Kotlin is one of many programming languages used to create Android applications. Surprisingly, it is not even that old compared to some of the languages that have been around for decades. It’s also one of the reasons Kotlin ranks so high on our list.

Kotlin’s features and amazing options have helped it gain a lot of popularity in such a short period of time. It was created as a replacement for Java and has since become the official language for developing Android applications. In terms of development experience, it offers simple coding with shortcode instances.

2. Java

Java is the most widely used programming language for creating Android applications. It has been around for decades, so it has a large developer community that is still active.

Java has a large developer community because it can create applications and software for various devices, including computer applications, websites, and mobile applications. You can learn it today because it has a large active community, and you will easily find assistance to your problem with the help of this community.

3. Lua

Every programming language has a specialty, and Lua is that it is fantastic for game developers. So, choosing Lua may be your best option if you want to create a game for Android devices. It is especially useful for developing simple games because it is simple to use and open-source. However, if your goal is to develop some complex Android games rather than simple games, it may not be the best choice.


Basic Beginners All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code is a programming language designed for beginners. As a result, it can be an excellent choice if you are a beginner looking to start with Android development. One thing to remember is that you can only create simple applications with this language because many features are not supported.

BASIC is the best Android development language for non-developers who want to create their application. In this case, integrating a managed backend with the application is the best option because it improves and simplifies the user experience.

5. C#

C# is a programming language that is also one of the most commonly used. It, like Java, can be used to create various software and applications. It is one of the most popular languages, with a large developer community that is currently active.

One reason for this is that C# has been around for more than two decades. It has matured over time. So, if you want to create an amazing Android application with a lot of features, it could be the best option.

6. C++

C++ is yet another mature programming language that can be used to create feature-rich Android applications. Because the NDK is required for application development, you cannot develop the entire application in C++.

One of the best aspects of using C++ for Android development is the ability to use libraries to add features to applications. So, if you are familiar with C++, using it to develop Android applications may be the best option for you.

7. Xamarin

Sometimes you need to create an Android app that is more than just an Android app. Cross-platform applications are those that work on multiple devices and operating systems.

Xamarin is one of the best programming languages for developing such applications with all of the native features for your Android devices. It includes numerous features and benefits that make the application development process faster and easier. You can also reuse and share code between applications for similar features.

8. Native React

React Native is another fantastic programming language for creating cross-platform apps for your Android devices. When an application is made here, it adds value to both the user and the developer. The applications are very user-friendly and have almost all of the native-like features.

The coding process is very simple for developers, and coding can be done in the form of components, which can then be used in various applications. As a result, the application development process is simple, and the application itself performs admirably.

9. Ionic

When it comes to cross-platform application development, there are numerous options available, with Ionic being one of the most popular. It is a free and open-source programming language that anyone can use to develop Android applications using HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

There are no features you will miss when developing Android applications with Ionic. Animations, gestures, elements, and various other parts for making applications more visually appealing are all supported. The web development framework also integrates with other libraries to add extra functionality to your applications, making the development process easier.

10. Flutter

Flutter offers cross-platform application development features, which means that the applications created here can run on multiple platforms. It employs the Dart programming language, which includes a large library of tools for creating visually appealing applications.

Not only that, but Dart allows you to create applications with all of the features you’ll need. Overall, we can say that the development process will be very productive, with increased application efficiency. Flutter also offers incredible customization options for creating even better applications.


As you can see, each mobile app’s programming language has advantages and disadvantages. You can’t say definitively that one is superior to the other. Everything is determined by the app’s type, budget, timeline, and technical knowledge.

Native development is usually the most expensive and difficult to learn. However, it is required for certain types of apps, such as gaming apps. Users with technical knowledge and web development experience find hybrid languages easier to learn.

Because you won’t have to use two deployments, you can get your app to market quickly. With many people using Android devices as their primary device, we can say that developing Android applications has a lot of potential