Programming language is fascinating for learning purposes. Still, when it comes to learning the programming language, and you find coding involved in it, you have to understand both things, then the thought of it becomes very intimidating. The word code is meant to understand by computers, not humans. It is mysterious by definition, and it implies technical communication. The first programming language was developed on the Analytical Engine in 1883, a primitive mechanical computer. With Time coding achieved the number one skill-oriented work in recent years. That's why students must learn computer programing languages at the current time. People start learning coding by picking up a programming language without proper assistance or direction. This blog will assist you with a step-by-step guide on the programing language with a roadmap of 14 steps. Here we will briefly discuss every step, with essential concepts, terminology, and tools that most professional developers use to write the code, collaborate and create professional projects.

How to learn programming language for beginners

Before we get into the steps mentioned in the roadmap, remember that reading this blog will not make you a professional programmer. It is not supposed to. This blog is to assist you with the proper guidance, and it aims to make you aware that each of these topics exists and, hopefully, to give you a basic understanding of how each method works so you can build on it intelligently in the future. 

  1. Learn about computer architecture and data fundamentals.
  2. Discover how programming languages work
  3. Learn how the Internet works
  4. Learn some command line fundamentals
  5. Vim can help you improve your text editing skills
  6. Pick up some HTML
  7. Take on some CSS
  8. Begin your programming career with any Language
  9. Continue Python programming
  10. Using Git, you can keep track of your code
  11. SQL is used to store database
  12. Learn more about Web Frameworks and MVC
  13. Experiment with Package managers

1. Learn About Computer Architecture And Data Fundamentals

The most beautiful thing about the programming language is there is no worrying about the nitty-gritty details. Programming language enables you to create fancy applications without any worry. In this case, Abstraction is the ability to work with higher-level tools for programming languages, to simplify and narrow the scope of our knowledge and skills. Read the following basics of computer architecture principles: 

  • (Integrated circuit), or microchips house the essential components of your computer.
  • The Central Processing Unit (CPU) is a microchip in most modern computers.
  • MIcrochips rely on an electrical known as a transistor to function.
  • Transistors are tiny electrical switches that can be turned on or off at any time.
  • Single microchips can find million of billion tiny transistors.
  • Each Central Processing Unit has an instruction set, a collection of binary (zero to ones) commands that the Central Processing Unit recognizes.
  • Computers use Random Access Memory (RAM) as "Working Memory" to store information.

Before we jump into more details about programming languages, let's learn about data. What does the data word mean in programming languages?

  • Random Access Memory (RAM) collects memory addresses to store data bits. Programmers have working access directly in older languages like C with memory addresses.
  • A hard drive is a device, either internal or external, that stores data, which can retain even after the computer is turned off. It represents long-term memory in our analogy.
  • A computer chip such as a Central Processing Unit chip or Random Access Memory chip has bo concept of "Image" or "Video."
  • If we focus on the chip's perspective, these structures are stored as long sequences of ones and zeros.
  • These ones and zeros are known as bits.
  • Bits are commonly stored in eight groups that refer to bits as a byte. A byte is an eight-bit sequence, such as 00000001, 01100110, or 00001111.
  • A binary representation is used to represent information in this manner.

2. Discover How Programing Languages Work

Our human brain understands the world differently than the computer brain understands, and programming languages bridge the gap between the human and computer brain. When we talk about the higher level of programming language, they provide a set of human-readable keywords, syntax rules, and statements that are much simpler for people to learn, implement, debug, and work. A simple question comes up when you are learning about the work of programming languages, what are machine codes? The answer will be we could theoretically write code that commands the Central Processing Unit (CPU) the position by stringing together long sequences of ones in a form that the CPU understands. Machine codes are binary Instructions written in this format:  

  • Most programming languages include a compiler or interpreter program that performs this translation step.
  • Depending on your language, your code is either compiled or interested into machine codes that your Central Processing Unit can execute.
  • For instance, Java is a compiled language, and JavaScript and Python are interpreted languages.
  • A language that has some combination of the two languages or that is compiled or cracked has implications for the developer's convenience, error handling, performance, and other areas.

3. Learn How The Internet Works?

The Internet has vast aspects, but when it comes to programming, it is an essential factor. Also, it will let you run into situations where they will help you to know the interaction between computers. In simple words, we can say the Internet is nothing but only the global connection between connected computers. Every computer on the networks enables them to talk to each other on a set of rules, and the talking computer's term is used chiefly for "Transfering Data." Let's define what the Internet's work is: 

  • Most human communication on the Internet requires at least two participants.
  • The client is the computer that initiates the conversation, and the computer that responds is known as a server.
  • For instance, You open a web browser and go on a search engine like "" In this case, your browser is the client.
  • In a more profound sense, You are the client because you are the guy who is initiating the conversation by commanding the Google search engine into the search bar and pressing the , where your browser requests to start the conversation with one of Google's computers.
  • On the other hand, Google's computer is called the server because it responds by sending the information needed to render Google's web page in your browser.
  • Every internet data transfers and utilizes this sort of client and server-relationship.

4. Learn Some Command Line Fundamentals

The command line is the most crucial factor in programming and coding. The interface of a command line is like a cryptic black screen with incomprehensible texts, numbers, and symbols. It feels like a symbol of an evil hacker or a genius techie sidekick.

  • Command line allows us to perform many of the same tasks we are comfortable with with the point of a mouse click.
  • The Command line accepts the primary input via the Keyboard, which can speed up inputs significantly once you get the hang of it.
  • To create something, you can use the command line to create new folders, copy and move files, execute programs, delete files, browse through folders, list the contents of a folder, and much more. The window where you type commands on the command line is called Terminal.

5. VIM Can Help You To Improve Your Text Editing Skills

Now we know how to create, copy, move, rename, and delete files from the command line. But we have not learned to edit the text file content in Terminal. Here comes VIM, a text editor built for the Terminal to run directly. As a result, we don't need to open a separate window to work. VIM has a convenient command mode set that allows us to create and edit text content using only the Keyboard. Why do we need to use VIM? Working with text files in a Terminal is essential because the computer code is nothing more than text saved in an organized set of files. VIM has a steep learning curve, but with a bit of practice, the skills you learn will be helpful to you throughout your coding career. Why don't people use a fancy text editor like Microsoft Word or other editors to write code? So the Terminal is the most convenient place for regulations to be edited and written, but these editors are not required since we already have it open to run commands! Also, VIM is a time-honored text editor. VIM is an abbreviation for "VI Improved," as it is the successor to the VI tool.

6. Pick Up Some HTML

Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) is not a programming language. It is referred to as HTML code. Every web page you have ever visited in your browser has HTML attached to it. When you access a web page, the web server that hosts the page sends HTML to your browser. Then your browser reads it and displays it to you. Most web pages have a relatively standard set of content, such as titles, text, images, navigation, headers and footers, and so on. This data is saved as HTML, which defines the page's structure. So, how exactly do you write HTML? HTML employs a standard set of tags to identify the available elements that comprise a web page. For Instance, the title tag is defined

My Page Title

and the paragraph will be defined as

Some random text content.


7. Take On Some CSS

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) enable us to associate style properties like background color, font size, width, height, and HTML elements. Like HTML, CSS is also not technically a programming language. It does not let us perform actions. It simply enables us to add styles to bare-bones HTML. Three factors that let you see how CSS styles with our HTML elements:

  1. The CSS selector is used to specify which HTML element or elements should be styled.
  2. The name of the style property is to be added to the matched HTML elements.
  3. The CSS style property value that we want to use.

Here is an example of how these components interact to determine a paragraph's color and font size: p{   color: red;    font-size: 12px; }

8. Begin Your Programming Career With Any Language

Here we will consider JavaScript as a programming language as an example. Why do you need JavaScript if you can use HTML to build the structure of a web page and CSS to make it look nice? So the answer is. We must use JavaScript to add dynamic features to our web pages, such as changing content and more complex user interactions. JavaScript was designed specifically for the Internet.  Most programming languages are either compiled or interested, and programs typically run standalone. Variables are possibly the most fundamental concept in programming. A variable is a name or placeholder used to refer to a specific value. Data types refer to the various kinds of values that can store in variables. You can also store decimal numbers, also known as floating-point numbers. For instance, we could write: let x = 6.6;

9. Continue Python Programming

Python is the most helpful language for beginners to learn. The syntax is straightforward and widely used in an open-source and business environment. Python is an interpreted programming language. When we want to run a Python program, the Python interpreter actively processes your code and executes it on your machine line by line. It differs from the compiled languages in that we would use a compiler to process the code into a more optimized form (an executable) before executing it. Python, unlike JavaScript, was not designed to be run directly within web browsers. Python was a simple scripting language for writing code for arbitrary tasks that typically run on a user's local computer.

10. Using GIT

Git is the most popular Version Control System (VCS) for programmers today. It enables multiple developers to work together on software. A codebase is a software project's entire collection of directories and files. Using GIT, your program is ready to run on your chosen operating system, such as Linux, Mac OS, or Windows. In a GIT respiratory, GIT creates and stores information about our software projects. A GIT repository is a hidden folder on your computer where GIT holds information about the code files in a software project. Each software project we work on has its GIT repository for storing project-related information.  The GIT status is GIT log commands that help review the current state of your project's working directory and commit history.

11. SQL Is Used To Store Database

SQL is a database program designed to store, update, retrieve, and delete large amounts of data efficiently. In a nutshell, a database is a container for a collection of tables. We can tell our programs to interact with databases, whether written in JavaScript, Python, Java, or another language. As events occur in our application, programs can interact with databases in real time. Most databases use SQL, which stands for structured Query Speech (Language.) SQL enables us to instruct databases on what to do.

12. Learn More About Web Frameworks

A web framework is a collection of code libraries that contain the standard functionalities that all web apps use by default. Web frameworks allow developers to build applications without writing code for many behind-the-scenes tasks common to all web apps. We only need to use the relevant framework parts for our web page. A web framework is a set of programming tools to create web applications.

13. Experiment With Package Managers

A package manager is a program that aids in the management of a systems or software project's dependencies. By "maintain," we mean installing, updating, listing, and uninstalling dependencies as needed. The package managers we will discuss can be used to maintain the programs we have installed on our operating systems. Some package managers with OS support have given below:


The most famous package manager for Mac OS.


Unsurprisingly, package managers are the default way to install programs on Linux because it was designed around the Command Line. Linux is a native package manager for Debian and Ubuntu-based distributions. That is Advanced Package Tool (APT). The RedHat Linux distribution's native package manager is Yellowdog Updater, Modified (YUM).


Node Package Manager (NPM) comes first when we talk about programming language-specific package managers. NPM can help us manage software libraries on many of our coding projects. One difference between NPM and the package mentioned above is that NPM can run in Local or Global mode.


Pip, Python's package manager, is also available. Pip is pre-installed with recent versions of Python and may already be on our system. Pip makes it simple to install packages from the Python Package Index using the Pip install command:


I hope the 13 steps of understanding how a programming language works and how you can learn them properly will guide you and help you further, and reading this blog will be worth it for you. The above-mentioned 13 steps are the base of learning about programming language and keeping your knowledge at an ultimate level.